Concrete material has been used as a building material for a long time. Today, there is more advancement made in building materials for construction and landscaping. One of the improvements is stamped concrete. Stamped concrete is a type of concrete which is modified to appear like bricks, stones, tile, and wood. Notably, stamped concrete is well known for being less expensive due to its ability to be similar to other building materials. Not many are familiar with this construction of stamped concrete patio but remember that the durability of concrete patio should be like the strength of garage floors for this you can also assist with Armor coatings epoxy garage. Worry not, this article will discuss more on the steps involves in the process of stamped concrete patio.
Process for building stamped concrete patios
Clean the surface
You should completely clean the surface to begin a project. Remove any paint on the surface because the overlay will bond with concrete chemically. The only thing that should be left on the surface is the concrete; thus, a grinder with a diamond blade should be used to grind the surface to have the specific. 3000 psi power washer is preferable to clean the newly exposed surface by eliminating all the debris and dirt.
Etch the concrete porch floor
Here, water is mixed into eight parts to one part of muriatic acid in a clean bucket. Muriatic acid is useful in etching, exfoliating, and opening the pores of the concrete feature walls. Safety precautions should be adhered to while using the acid since it is a caustic and dangerous gas. Mix eight parts of water to one part ammonia in another bucket. First, put the acid solution into the porch. Using a broom spread the acid solution to cover everything. Flood the porch with ammonia mixture to neutralize the acid and adjust the pH once the acid stops fizzing. Never wait for the effect of ammonia to take place since it reacts immediately. After the reaction has taken place, rinse excess acid and alkali from the porch using power wash.
Prepare the porch for the skim coat
Taping the door, jambs, and edges of the house with painter tape helps in preparation of the house for the skim coat. It prevents the skim coat from bonding to the house.
Mix the skim coat
Mixing paddle and heavy-duty mixing drill is used to mix the thin finish coat and placing it in an empty five-gallon bucket. To the bucket, add approximately seven to eight quarts of water and then add a 55-lb bag of thin finish. Mix the finish to ensure the consistency is very soupy with no lumps by wearing a mask. Re-mix the material after allowing it to settle for five minutes.
Apply the skim coat
You should wet the concrete and ensure it has no puddles. Use a squeegee to spread the coat in U-shaped motion after pouring the skim coat in sections. Apply the coat starting from the edges of the house. Use a paintbrush for the sides to spread the glaze evenly since the squeegee is large. Before beginning to apply the next stamping coat, ensure the previous one is dry.
Mix the thin finish and texture pave
Apply a thin bonding layer of flat finish and a thick layer of texture pave for the stamping layer. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and water ratio used for the skim coat to mix the thin finish. Similarly, the touch open is mixed but should be thicker. Mix four quarts of water per 55 lb of the bag to create a stamping layer. First, the mixture should be mixed thoroughly, and after five minutes, it should be remixed. Ensure the four quarts is exact to allow consistency because a lot of batches are needed.
Apply the thin finish and texture pave
The concrete substrate should be thoroughly wet. When stamping, puddles will be formed by dry spots left. Apply the texture pave in small sections. Spread one bucket of surface open at a time after poring it to the concrete. Spreading of surface paving is always eased with gauge rake. The product should be covered at the same thickness; thus, the handle should be kept at the same height, you can also check the latest design on https://www.freepik.com/free-photos-vectors/pave. Float a squeegee across the surface to smooth out the lines. Allow the texture pave to set before stamping and always ensure the sides are painted.
Stamp the concrete
According to the manufacturer’s recommendations, allow the texture pave to dry. Work towards the opposite end by staring from the outside edge of the concrete area. The liquid release agent should be sprayed on the bottom of the polyurethane stamp and the section of the porch to mark. Press the stamp after applying it to the concrete using hands or feet. Approximately six to eight hours, allow it to dry
Color the surface
Apply the stain by using a pump sprayer and use a paper and tape to protect the house. A primer and finish color coats are usually required. After one hour, push any color out of puddles and keep a rag handy for any spills using a broom.
Apply the sealer
The application of sealer is the final step and the most essential. The sealer will help in sealing stamped concrete. This sealer will add sheen to the surface and enrich the concrete’s color, thus reduces the chances of discoloration of the surface. It also prevents the surface from staining due to dirt and chemicals.